Castrica / Baldi

Marta Castrica
Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety, University of Milan
Address: Via Trentacoste 2, 20134 Milan / Via Celoria 10, 20133 Milan
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2015: PhD student at the PhD program in Veterinary and Animal Sciences at the Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety, University of Milan (Italy).
Supervisor: Prof. Antonella Baldi.
2015: Master’s degree in Veterinary Biotechnology Sciences at the University of Milan (Italy).
Final mark: full marks with honors.
Master’s thesis focused on the hygienic aspect in relation to food recovery system.
During her thesis internship, she worked in the Laboratory of Food Safety at Faculty of Veterinary of Milan, and she worked at Fondazione Banco Alimentare Onlus, Milan.
2013: Bachelor's degree in Animal Production Sciences at the University of Perugia (Italy).
English: CLA certification (Language Centre of the University, Perugia) of Intermediate level - B2.
Good skills of organization of work and time. Good attitude in learning new concepts or practical techniques.

Antonella Baldi
Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety, University of Milan
Address: Via Trentacoste 2, 20134 Milan
Tel.: + 39 02 503 15736
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Professional activities
Full Professor in Animal Nutrition, scientific area Agr/18 (Animal Nutrition), University of Milan.
President of the course in Veterinary Biotechnology Science at the University of Milan.
Courses held at the University of Milan
Since 1992, she has given courses on Feed Technology, Dietetics in Farm Animals, Animal Nutrition and Animal Clinical Dietetics at the Veterinary Faculty, University of Milan.
Memberships and Fellowships
Member of the Italian Association of Animal Production (ASPA), European Association of Animal Production (EAAP), American Society of Animal Science and Dairy Sciences (ASAS/ADSA), Editorial Board of Small Ruminant Research.
Functions in National and International bodies
Member of the Board of Italian Animal Production Association (2013-present).
Member of European Research Council Peer Review Panel (2010- present).
Italian Delegate in the COST Domain Committee “Food and Agriculture” (2006- 2014).
Peer reviewer/expert assessor for international Funding Agencies and Academic Commissions.
Member of National and International Academic Commissions for PhDs, researchers, associate and full professors (MIUR, Swedish Agricultural University, Universitè de Laval Canada, INRA, Athens Agricultural University, Universitè Européenne Bretagne).
Section Editor of Animal Journal (2006-present).
Honors and Awards
Hannah Research Institute Honorary Fellowship, Ayr, UK.
N.A.T.O. Senior Fellowship on Lactation Biology.
Main research interest
Biotechnology in animal nutrition.
Role of animal nutrition on animal welfare, animal health and product quality.
Evaluation of nutritive compound bioavailability.

Research Project
How to transform food waste into a resource

FAO estimates that every year around 1.3 billion tons of food is wasted. The food surplus/waste reduction is a social, economic and environmental necessity.
The food surplus begins in agro-food chain and ends with in the domestic use. In this type of mechanism, there are two type of food surplus: losses and wastage.
Food loss: losses, which are determined, during the stage of sowing, harvest and primary processing in agriculture.
Food waste: waste, which are generated during the industrial processing, distribution, commerce and domestic use.

The economic and quantitative data show the surplus incidence in each stage of Italian agroindustry chain where every year 6 million tons food is wasted and ends landfill or incineration.
The research project focused on international and important topic: the food surplus reduction in relation to two categories of destination, based on food recovery hierarchy:

1. Food surplus donation for human nutrition
2. Transformation of the food waste in animal feed

The general aim of the whole project will be to evaluate and validate the best methods to reduce the food surplus and wastage.

In the first step we focalize, the attention on the surplus recovery for human nutrition. The aim of this phase is the validation of faster analytical methods (food sniffer, enzymatic test, Real Time-PCR) comparing the results with electronic nose to evaluate the food quality recovered and the feasibility of re-use of products with Date of Minimum Durability (DMD) exceeded.

In the second step, we focalize, the attention on the transformation of food waste in animal feed. Initially the aim will be to obtain quantitative data on food surplus from agroindustry and from large-scale retail trade in Lodi area, through the development of a questionnaire; furthermore, it will be evaluated only the surplus in the fruit-vegetable and dairy sector for the transformation in animal feed.
The research project will focalize on biomass characterization, and the identification of the best transformation treatment, testing different techniques such as ensilage, exsiccation and considering specific additives to facilitate the mass acidification.

Finally, with the feed produced from food waste it will be carried out a performance and appetizing test on the farm animal.
This project will be developed as joint collaboration with other researcher of FOOD unit of VESPA Department of University of Milan (Dr. Claudia Maria Balzaretti) and Fondazione Banco Alimentare Onlus.